302(b) allocations are the spending amounts set by the House and Senate Appropriations Committees for each appropriations subcommittee after receipt of the committees’ 302(a) allocations.
Once the House and Senate pass a budget resolution , which establishes a 302(a) spending allocation for each committee, including the Appropriations Committee, the Appropriations Committees in the House and Senate further divide their spending allocations among subcommittees. Currently, there are 12 Appropriations Subcommittees each in the House and Senate. These suballocations, called 302(b) suballocations, limit the total spending on each of the 12 appropriations bills and are enforced through points of order established in budget laws and the budget resolution. The 302(a) and 302(b) spending limits that Congress sets each year represent the two most crucial decision points in determining aggregate federal education funding for any given year.
See also: 302(a) allocations